FREE DOWNLOAD JOURNAL AND ABSTRACT : REFERENCE AND BIBLIOGRAPHY PROBIOTIC IN CHILDREN

Probiotics are viable nonpathogenic bacteria that colonize the intestine and modify the intestinal microflora and their metabolic activities with beneficial effects for the host. Probiotic bacteria beneficially affect the host intestinal microbial balance and may improve immunity.

Breastfed infants develop a probiotic-rich gut microflora with less pathogenic bacteria, compared with formula-fed individuals. This effect has been considered one of the mechanisms that decreases the rate of infectious diarrhea in breastfed infants. It has been demonstrated recently that human milk is a source of lactic acid bacteria for the infant gut.

Infant and follow-up formulas supplemented with probiotics are currently marketed in several countries, aiming to mimic some of the beneficial effects of human milk.

Infants and children attending child care centers demonstrate a higher risk of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. Several clinical studies have documented the efficacy of probiotic agents in the prevention and treatment of diarrhea, mainly of viral etiology.However, only a few studies have been published on the ability of these agents to prevent infectious illnesses in infants and children attending child care. Two of these studies used only 1 strain of a probiotic bacteria, and 1 study used a lysis extract obtained from 8 types of bacteria.

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